Johannes Vermeer (/vɜːrˈmɪər, vɜːrˈmɛər/ fur-MEER, fur-MAIR, Dutch: [fərˈmeːr], see below; October 1632 – December 1675) was a Dutch Baroque Period painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life.
What kind of painter was Vermeer?
Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch artist known especially for his paintings of 17th-century daily life. The 36 or so of his paintings that survive show a remarkable purity of light and form.
What was Johannes Vermeer known for?
“Actually,” he says, “Vermeer isn’t an original artist. Most of his ideas, his compositions, even his tricks, come from other painters.” He shrugs. … This stems from the famous description of Vermeer by Théophile Thoré-Bürger, the 19th Century French art historian who rediscovered him, as the “Sphinx of Delft”.
Is Vermeer a Renaissance painter?
The work of renowned artist Johannes Vermeer helped shape the Dutch Renaissance, and offer a valuable glimpse into the world of the 17th century home. … There is little to learn about Vermeer’s personal life, and that may be because very few interesting or exciting events happened to him.
Is Vermeer still alive?
When signing documents after 1657, Vermeer switched from using the old Gothic script to the more modern Roman script (fig. 1). After his marriage, he preferred the more common spelling of Joannis: Johannes.
How is Vermeer painted?
Vermeer consciously varied the consistency of his paint to achieve particular effects. For example, he used paint of a consistency that retains the impression of the brush in both underpaint and sections of high impasto to provide light-catching texture while a more fluid application could suggest silky surfaces [figs.
Did Vermeer paint landscapes?
Vermeer painted two landscapes which have suruvued, or more precisely, one cityscape, theThe View of Delft and one streetscape, The Little Street.
Who made the painting the starry night?
The Starry Night, a moderately abstract landscape painting (1889) of an expressive night sky over a small hillside village, one of Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh’s most celebrated works. The Starry Night, oil on canvas by Vincent van Gogh, 1889; in the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
Where are the Vermeers?
Websites of Museums with Vermeer Paintings in their Collection
|New York Metropolitan Museum of Art||New York, U.S.A.|
|National Gallery of Art||Washington D.C., U.S.A.|
|National Gallery||London, England|
How many Vermeer paintings still exist?
Although 36 oil paintings by Vermeer have survived, he probably depicted no more than 60 in total, a paltry number by 17th-century standards. For comparison, his great contemporary Rembrandt produced hundreds of paintings and countless engravings and drawings. Moreover, most of Vermeer’s paintings are very small.
How many Vermeers exist?
Johannes Vermeer (Dutch; 1632-1675) famously produced a small number of paintings in his lifetime. According to the Wikipedia Vermeer page, there are 37 Vermeers in the world, but three of those works’ attributed to him are disputed – they are included here.
Who painted Mona Lisa?
Mona Lisa, also called Portrait of Lisa Gherardini, wife of Francesco del Giocondo, Italian La Gioconda, or French La Joconde, oil painting on a poplar wood panel by Leonardo da Vinci, probably the world’s most famous painting.
Why is Vermeer called the master of light?
His process was very slow and meticulous, completing only two or three paintings a year. … Johannes Vermeer is now considered one of the greatest painters of the Dutch Golden Age, distinguished by his brilliant use of light and color in his carefully thought out compositions. Today, he is known as “The Master of Light.”
How old is Johannes Vermeer now?
He is renowned today, but that wasn’t always the case. Vermeer was born in Delft, Holland, in 1632, but little is known about his life, and none of his personal writings has ever been found. Despite moderate success as a painter during his lifetime, Vermeer died at age 43 and left his wife in debt.